Millennium Development Goals

Goal 4: Reduce child mortality

  • Target 5: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate

Child Mortality

  • every year more than 10 million children die of preventable diseases - 30,000 per day. More than 500,000 women die in pregnancy and childbirth with women in Africa, almost 100 times more likely to die than those in richer countries
  • in sub-Saharan Africa, child mortality rates are running average 172 deaths per 1,000 compared with 9 per 1,000 in developed regions
  • the major causes of deaths of under 5's in sub-Saharan Africa include malaria, acute respiratory infections, diarrhoea and AIDS
  • there are more than 600,000 new cases of HIV in children each year and most cases the infection is passed to them from their mother

Key obstacles:

  • diseases such as HIV/AIDS
  • economic decline, conflict, inequality and persistent poverty
  • under-resourced health services
  • lack of progress in reducing the numbers of deaths of newborn babies. Most die from preventable causes such as diarrhoea, pneumonia, malaria, measles, AIDS, and other illnesses