Millennium Development Goals
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- Target 7: Have halted by 2015, and begun to reverse, the spread of HIV/AIDS
- over 37.8 million are living with HIV and over 20 million have already died since the first AIDS cases in 1981
- 4.8 million people became newly infected with HIV in 2003
- in the hardest hit countries, life expectancy will fall to 30 years by 2010
- In 1999, an estimated 860,000 African children lost their teachers to AIDS
- 13 million children in Africa have lost at least one parent to AIDS, by 2010, this will rise to an estimated 25 million.
- funding for treatment and for research
- poor co-operation between donors
- the relatively high cost of drugs
- a lack of political will and commitment plus follow through
- attitudes towards the disease and those who suffer from it.
- Target 8: Have halted by 2015, and begun to reverse, the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
- about 100 countries in the world have malaria, almost half of which are in sub-Saharan Africa. There are now more than 2.4 billion people are at risk
- there are an estimated 200-500 million malaria cases each year with about 90% occurring in sub-Saharan Africa
- malaria kills between 1.1 and 2.7 million people each year, of whom about 1 million are children under 5 years in sub-Saharan Africa
- economic losses due to malaria in Africa are estimated to be about US$12 billion per year.
- interventions costs e.g. it would cost US$22.5 million to provide all under 5's in a country of 20-30 million people with insecticide treated nets
- malaria is now resistant to many drugs and the new range are very expensive.
- every 15 seconds someone dies of TB
- more than 8 million people become sick with TB each year and each one can infect between 10 and 15 people in one year just by breathing
- TB is a disease of poverty, 92% of cases and deaths occur in low income and lower middle-income countries.
- TB is spreading faster than TB control efforts
- the emergence now of HIV-associated TB and multi-drug resistant TB
- more needs to be done to target services to control TB amongst poor people.
- Goal 1: Poverty and hunger
- Goal 2: Education
- Goal 3: Gender equality
- Goal 4: Child mortality
- Goal 5: Maternal health
- Goal 6: HIV/AIDS and other diseases
- Goal 7: Environment
- Goal 8: Global Partnership
- Do 'Global Goals' ever make a difference?
- Some criticisms of the MDGs
- Accountability in Africa: whose problem?
- The Right Kind of Aid
- Africa needs a hand up, not a hand out!
- Development: EU Heroes and Villains listed
- Dark Continent? Poverty, AIDS and War
- Water: a Common Denominator
- Problems Aplenty in a World of Plenty
- MDGs by 2015